My intention in reading The Blue Sweater was to legitimize my feelings of hope, progress, and beauty across the African continent, the developing world and the “wrong side of the tracks” back home. The book achieved this for me – but also much, much more.
It jerked my world view out from under me. I saw compartmentalized circles working for the world and against one another. There was “the man” leading large corporations which cared solely about profit. There were well-intentioned non-profits that worked their bleeding hearts to the bone doing good in a broken world. There was an effective yet overly-politicized government in America, an idealistic utopia unable to enforce peace in the United Nations, and dictator after dictator looking out for themselves rather than their people in more developing nations than I could count on my fingers and toes.
Through The Blue Sweater I learned that the world is, indeed, gray. The circles can overlap to become the most engaging and effective groups and processes for positive change. I learned that there was such as thing as Social Enterprise in which companies held a triple-bottom-line for People, Plant and Profit. Most importantly, I learned that telling “good news” can make a difference and change a person for the better.
The Blue Sweater gave me much more than the glimpse of hope I had prayed for. It showed me the dignity that is possible when freedom of choice is given to someone.
About The Blue Sweater
The Blue Sweater is the inspiring story of a woman who left a career in international banking to spend her life on a quest to understand global poverty and find powerful new ways of tackling it. It all started back home in Virginia, with the blue sweater, a gift that quickly became her prized possession–until the day she outgrew it and gave it away to Goodwill. Eleven years later in Africa, she spotted a young boy wearing that very sweater, with her name still on the tag inside.
About the Author
Jacqueline Novogratz is the founder and CEO of Acumen Fund, a non-profit global venture fund that uses entrepreneurial approaches to solve the problems of global poverty. Acumen Fund invests patient capital to identify, strengthen and scale business models that effectively serve the poor and champions this approach as an effective complement to traditional aid.
Acumen Fund currently manages more than $60 million in investments in South Asia and East Africa, all focused on delivering affordable health-care, water, housing and energy to the poor in Pakistan, India and Kenya.
Prior to Acumen Fund, Jacqueline founded and directed The Philanthropy Workshop and The Next Generation Leadership programs at the Rockefeller Foundation. She also founded Duterimbere, a micro-finance institution in Rwanda.
She began her career in international banking with Chase Manhattan Bank. She is currently on the advisory boards of Stanford Graduate School of Business, MIT’s Legatum Center, and Innovations Journal published by MIT Press. Jacqueline serves on the Aspen Institute Board of Trustees and the board of IDEO.org, as well as a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the World Economic Forum Global Agenda Council for Social Innovation. She was recently named to Foreign Policy’s list of Top 100 Global Thinkers and The Daily Beast’s 25 Smartest People of the Decade. Jacqueline is a frequent speaker at the Clinton Global Initiative and TED.
She has an MBA from Stanford and a BA in Economics/International Relations from the University of Virginia. Her best-selling memoir The Blue Sweater: Bridging the Gap Between Rich and Poor in an Interconnected World, released in paperback in February 2010, chronicles her quest to understand poverty and challenges readers to grant dignity to the poor and to rethink their engagement with the world.
1. Who were the sources of Jacquelineʼs inspiration in The Blue Sweater? How did they inspire her?
2. What particular attributes or connections did Jacqueline possess that helped her accomplish her objectives? What particular attributes or connections do you possess that you can use to help end poverty?
3. Discuss the philosophy behind the concept of “patient capital.” Does this seem like a viable solution to solving the problems of poverty? What other instruments exist for poverty alleviation? How does patient capital compare?
4. In Chapter 5, The Blue Bakery, why is it important for the Rwandan women who work at the bakery to feel that the bakery is their own?
5. A close friend tells Jacqueline to “Just start. Donʼt wait for perfection. Just start and let the work teach you.” Discuss this idea of overcoming mental barriers fearlessly. What other qualities or traits might you need to start something new?
6. What is the difference between seeing the poor as customers and seeing them as recipients of charity?
7. When do you think Acumenʼs ʻpatient capitalʼ approach is most effective? What types of conditions call for more traditional aid and charity?
Presented by Atlanta for Acumen
Prologue – Chapter 7
Blair Miller, “The Next Phase of Storytelling,” Acumen Fund blog, July 22, 2011.
David Smith, “One in three Africans is now middle class, report finds,” The Guardian, May 5, 2011. http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/2011/may/05/one-three-africans-middle- class
David Weidner, “Meet Gordon Gekkoʼs Grandchildren,” The Wall Street Journal, December 10, 2009. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748704240504574586171127809520.html
Jemma Nichols, “Life Lessons: Jacqueline Novogratz,” The National, June 22, 2011. http://www.thenational.ae/lifestyle/life-lessons-jacqueline-novogratz
Laura Farrar, “How Africans Want To Be Seen,” The Wall Street Journal, April 27, 2011. http://blogs.wsj.com/scene/2011/04/27/how-africans-want-to-be-seen/
Taylor Ray, “What Does Dignity Mean to You?” Acumen Fund blog, December 29, 2010.
“The patient capitalist,” The Economist, May 21, 2009. http://www.economist.com/node/13692513
Tina Rosenberg, “The Path From Charity to Profit,” The New York Times, May 26, 2011. http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/05/26/the-path-from-charity-to-profit/
“Trends in Womenʼs Empowerment: Leadership through Participation and Entrepreneurship,” Center for International Private Enterprise, July 21, 2011.http://www.cipe.org/publications/fs/pdf/073111.pdf
Wealth distribution map, Global Finance, circa 2006.
Chapter 8 – Chapter 12
Daisy Maxey, “Gifts That Keep on Giving,” The Wall Street Journal, April 12, 2010. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748704131404575117943385677602.html
Jennifer Lee, “A Charity With an Unusual Interest in the Bottom Line,” The New York Times, November 13, 2006. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/11/13/us/13acumen.html
Laurie Goering, “In Africa, women are vanguard of progress,” Chicago Tribune, August 9, 2006. http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2006-08-09/news/0608090182_1_south-africa-female- vice-presidents-legislative-seats
Madeleine Bunting, “ʻCorruption has to be confronted from the grassroots,ʼ” The Guardian, May 6, 2011. http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/poverty-matters/2011/may/06/corruption- confronted-grassroots-john-githongo-kenya?CMP=twt_gu
Steven Radelet and William Easterly, “Online Debate: The Effectiveness of Foreign Aid,” Council on Foreign Relations, December 1, 2006.
Thomas Friedman, “ʻPatientʼ Capital for an Africa That Canʼt Wait,” The New York Times, April 20, 2007. http://select.nytimes.com/2007/04/20/opinion/20friedman.html
Wiliam E. Schmidt, “Troops Rampage in Rwanda; Dead Said to Include Premier,” New York Times, April 8, 1994. http://www.nytimes.com/1994/04/08/world/troops-rampage-in-rwanda-dead-said-to-include- premier.html
Chapter 13 – Chapter 16
Ellen McGirt, “Re-Booting Valentineʼs Day for Good,” Fast Company, February 13, 2011. http://www.fastcompany.com/1727145/re-booting-valentine-s-day-for-good
Erik Simanis, “At the Base of the Pyramid,” The Wall Street Journal, October 26, 2009. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970203946904574301802684947732.html
Fred de Sam Lazaro, “Pakistan Microfinance,” PBS Religion & Ethics Newsweekly, February 4, 2011. http://www.pbs.org/wnet/religionandethics/episodes/february-4-2011/pakistan-microfinance/ 8072
Gitka Ahuja and Carrie Halperin, “VisionSpring: Improving Lives, Saving Vision, “ABC, June 26, 2011. http://abcnews.go.com/Health/visionspring-improving-lives-saving-vision/story? id=13930555
Jacqueline Novogratz, “Acumen Fundʼs 10th Year,” Acumen Fund blog, April 2, 2011.
Jacqueline Novogratz, “Taking the Next Steps in Pakistan,” Huffington Post, August 1, 2011. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/jacqueline-novogratz/thoughts-from- pakistan_b_914831.html
Nicole Wallace, “A Nonprofit Organization Builds Bridges to Committed Donors Around the World,” The Chronicle of Philanthropy, November 28, 2010. http://blog.acumenfund.org/2010/12/06/the-chronicle-of-philanthropy-features-acumen- fund-our-international-support-community/
Rob Katz, “Five Market Imperfections Facing the Bottom of the Pyramid,” Acumen Fund blog, March 24, 2011. http://blog.acumenfund.org/2011/03/24/five-market-imperfections-facing-the-bottom-of-the- pyramid/
Robert Okemwa Onsare, “Jacqueline Novogratz Hails the success of ʻnonprofit venture capital fund for the poorʼ,” The Global Herald, August 4, 2011. http://theglobalherald.com/ jacqueline-novogratz-hails-the-success-of-nonprofit-venture-capital-fund-for-the-poor/ 22682/
Sasha Dichter, “Generosity Day,” Acumen Fund blog, February 14, 2011.
Saundra Schimmelpfennig, “Hamburgers for Hindus,” Good Intentions are not enough, July 14, 2011. http://goodintents.org/aid-recipient-concerns/hamburgers-for-hindus-2
I am so excited about the September book club!
The Help by Kathryn Stockett is going to be full of fruitful discussion as we read, re-read or watch together this month.
About the Book
In pitch-perfect voices, Kathryn Stockett creates three extraordinary women whose determination to start a movement of their own forever changes a town, and the way women, mothers, daughters, caregivers and friends view one another. A deeply moving novel filled with poignancy, humor, and hope, The Help is a timeless and universal story about the lines we abide by, and the ones we don’t.